MCF in Ruminants | Malignant Catarrhal Fever

MCF in Ruminants

Malignant Catarrhal Fever is an acute, infectious, and systemic viral disease of both domestic and wild ruminants that is characterized by mucopurulent inflammation of the eye, nostrils, and erosive lesions in the oral mucosa. Other Names: Malignant head catarrh, Gangrenous coryza, Snotsiekte disease ( African word meaning snotting sickness ) Cause of MCF in Ruminants: Malignant Catarrhal Fever is caused

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Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD) | Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD)

Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD) is an infectious viral disease of bovines manifested by erosive stomatitis, gastroenteritis, and diarrhea. BVD is a misleading term as in this viral disease diarrhea is not a specific sign, infact immunosuppression is the hallmark of bovine viral diarrhea. The BVD remains mostly undiagnosed due to a lack of diagnostic protocols. But don’t worry in this

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Bluetongue in Sheep | Can Bluetongue be treated?

Bluetongue in Sheep

Bluetongue in Sheep is a non-contagious, infectious, arthropod-borne disease of ruminants, particularly sheep. This disease was first reported in South Africa. Bluetongue can’t be transmitted between susceptible animals without a vector, so the distribution of vectors limits the spread of infection. If you don’t know about the blue tongue or sore muzzle then let’s have a look at Bluetongue in

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Foot and Mouth Disease in Ruminants


Foot and Mouth Disease is a highly contagious viral disease of cloven-hoofed domestic as well as wild animals. This is a serious economic problem in the livestock sector. It is a transboundary animal disease (TAD) that severely affects the production of livestock and disrupts regional and international trade in animals and animal products. Cause of Foot and Mouth Disease in

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